Thursday, August 27, 2020

Was Deng Xiaoping's Foreign Policy a Success or a Failure Research Paper

Was Deng Xiaoping's Foreign Policy a Success or a Failure - Research Paper Example In spite of the fact that China battled with the US in Korea and if there should arise an occurrence of Taiwan in his period he was effective in being a vital accomplice for the US and accomplishing MFN status for his nation. In spite of the fact that Korea and Japan are exchange accomplices for the US Asia, the arrangements of the US with respect to China even overwhelmed political decision proclamation of that Country. While examining the international strategy of Deng Xiao Ping, it is sensible to make reference to about the US. The basic explanation is that in the post-cold war period, US rose as a solitary superpower and any country’s international strategy was constrained to keep the US in thought in the event that it needs to be a significant accomplice in world exchange. Deng’s strategy was the matter of conversation since China created joins with the US in spite of showdown in over a significant time span (Taiwan). The noteworthy component in the Deng’s i nternational strategy is perceiving the US as a sole superpower in the post-cold war period. The development of China constrained the US to treat human rights and monetary advantages independently. Advancement of Sino US relations: From the date of sworn in of George Bush in 1989 till the finish of the two-term administration of Bill Clinton Sino American relations took an emotional change. Hedge even visited China before visiting Europe to express the new needs and China responded similarly US responses.1 The correspondence hole among China and the Soviet Union, the descending pattern of Soviet Union’s economy, George Bush’s tact in meeting China’s initiative before Gorbachev met them made this international strategy an effective thing for PRC (People's Republic of China). In the repercussions of the Tiananmen Square occurrence, China’s top authority perceived that the US has its own impulses with respect to the good and human qualities. Starting there in time, both the nations began reacting warily to each other’s demonstrations and deeds.â

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Managerial development and strategies for Tata Steel Group

Administrative turn of events and systems for Tata Steel Group Presentation Goodbye interchanges officially known as VSNL is one of the main telecom player in the realm of correspondences, the organization has a solid situation on the planet advertise. Framed 1985, in the wake of taking over VSNL in 2002, the organization has overwhelmed numerous average sized associations, for example, Neotel in south Africa , Teleglobe in Canada United telecom in Nepal. A considerable lot of the fortune 1000 organizations, specialist co-op and the purchasers rely on the system gave by the Tata correspondence, incorporating one of the most exceptional and biggest submarine link arranges, a level 1 IP system, and network to in excess of 200 nations across 300 PoPs. Goodbye Communications serves its clients from workplaces in 80 urban areas across 40 nations, mirroring the decent variety of the clients and markets we live in and serve. Goodbye Communications Ltd. is a piece of the $29 billion TATA gathering; it is recorded on the Bombay stock trade and the National Stock Exchange of India and its ADRs are recorded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE:TCL). I picked this organization for my administration task since it is a great guide to genuine initiative where various societies are included and the business is dynamic in nature . 1 (a) Initiative: The investigation of authority is significant and urgent in the field of any authoritative conduct. Initiative is the capacity of a better than impact the conduct of a subordinate or gathering and convince them to follow a specific strategy. Chester Bernard. Characteristics of a powerful pioneer: In spite of the fact that there is no arrangement of characteristics/attributes characterized for a genuine pioneer yet at TATA comm. A pioneer is characterized who has the accompanying qualities: Steps up to the plate. High on desire. want to lead. Is self-assured. Postures explanatory capacities. Know about the procedure, innovation and the business. High inventiveness level. Adaptable in educating and learning ways. Hypotheses and models characterized for administration in TATA comm.: There are 3 worldwide speculations characterized and applied in the co. I worked. 1) Personality Trait hypothesis: according to this hypothesis, pioneers stand separated from non-pioneers as far as some character qualities which are interesting. One of the customary mature age hypothesis under this was Great individual hypothesis which said that pioneers may not brought into the world with the necessary administration characteristics yet it very well may be gained steadily by learning and experience. There is one model and hypothesis under this, which clarifies this characteristic hypothesis in more detail. This hypothesis is called Theory X and Theory Y. T.McGregor was in a supposition that administrators/pioneers will in general make certain presumptions about human instinct. These presumptions/sees were clarified in the hypothesis X and hypothesis Y. According to McGregors Theory X of attribute hypothesis the directors are those people who showcases control related and course with the activity of power, where as Theory Y chiefs regularly show assistance and coordination movement. This hypothesis was extremely effective in the administration world, even today in TATA Comm. administrators are alluded as X and Y chiefs. Model: Leadership Continuum and Theory X and Theory Y 2) Behavior Theories: The conduct hypotheses disclosed the viewpoints identified with the practices found in the pioneers which take them to successful initiative. There are 4 speculations under this. Out of this the administrative Grid is the most pertinent to TATA comm. The Ohio States examines. Colleges of Michigan examines. The Managerial Grid. Scandinavian examinations. The Managerial Grid: This model was created by Robert Blake and Jane Mouton. This is likewise called The Leadership Grid which significantly centers around the parts missed in the early speculations. This rotates around creation/relationship directions. The network depends on the Leaders worry for individuals (connections) and creation (assignments). According to this the most ideal approach to lead and oversee individuals the 9,9 way. The Tri-dimensional Grid: This is one of the methodologies of conduct hypotheses of authority characterized. This discussions around 2 fundamental components of the style i.e.: Assignments Orientation: This depicts the principle impact on the productivity of the pioneers work. Relationship Orientation: This discussions about the human relations and the assets in TATA Comm. Change/Effectiveness: This part of the hypothesis tells about how viably the pioneer can adjust in the evolving situation. 3) Contingency Theories: Also called situational hypothesis. According to this hypothesis the authority style isn't same to all circumstances. Each pioneer is required to dissect the circumstance and afterward adjust or apply a style that is most appropriate for the circumstance. There are 5 possibility models under this administration style: Fiedlers possibility model. Hersey and Blanchards situational hypothesis. Pioneer part trade hypothesis. Initiative interest model. Way objective hypothesis. In TATA Comm.s administrative condition 2 possibility models apply for example (an) and (e). Fiedlers possibility model: in this methodology an initiative style is able to the circumstance as portrayed by the 3 standards underneath: Pioneer part connection: what amount is the pioneer acknowledged and upheld by the gathering individuals. Characters of the pioneer and subordinates assume a significant job in this guideline. Errand Structure: under this it is inspected that how the assignment is organized for the subordinate. Whatever degree the opportunity is given to the gathering part to achieve the errands. Position Power: Its the capacity and intensity of the pioneer with regards to how much his capacity and he himself is acknowledged in the gathering. e) Path Goal hypothesis: this hypothesis was begat by Robert House. Under this hypothesis the pioneer is relied upon to give a total rules/instructing to the colleagues to accomplish the targets of the TATA comm.s objective. The pioneer characterizes the objectives of the individual and supports them to accomplish them in a superior a proficient way. Beneath model portrays the whole way objective hypothesis followed at TATA comm. The Path-Goal Model Kinds of authority:- Order authority Steady authority Participative initiative Accomplishment situated authority Pioneer viability in impacting subordinates Are coordinated against To Produce Situational Factors: Æ'Â Subordinate Characteristics Capacity Seen control of predetermination. Æ'Â Nature of the undertaking Questionable Schedule Enthusiastic Intelligence: A people mindfulness, fearlessness, restraint, responsibility and respectability, and a people capacity to impart, impact, start change and acknowledge change. (Source: Coleman) Mindfulness: A pioneer needs to do a self appraisal regarding self-assurance. Self-guideline: authority over self feelings is fundamental for a pioneer to lead his group. He needs to assume liability for execution, ought to be receptive and versatile to change. Inspiration: Self spurred pioneer is the person who can lead the group and take them to the position where required. Sympathy: Its nature of understanding others by being seen about their emotions, needs and concerns. Social Skills: Handling the circumstance strategically, be an open ear and offer persuading messages, rouse and spur others to accomplish the mutual objectives. 1 (b) Effect of a scope of authority styles on TATA Comm.s different significant capacities: The significant capacities in TATA Comm. are: Item the board: This group is mindful presenting new items in the market dependent on the exploration done breaking down the culmination. The significant difficulties are looked as far as evaluating the item. A mix of administration styles fits in this capacities is in following ways: The pioneer here inspires the group by the two methods for example money related and non-financial prizes. The result of the item group is decided by the income created out of their item. Deals and advertising: This group is liable for selling the items in the market in the most gainful way. The issue which is looked by this group is the broad weight for the numbers. The pioneers play a significant and essential job in this capacity by:- Continually being in a fiery style which is infectious to the group. Offering bearings to the sales reps. Fulfilling and perceiving their presentation on standard interims by giving the representative of the month grant. Back office for deals: This capacity is answerable for the whole back office work done after deals. Incorporates from request login to making reports for execution done by deals group from different districts in the organization. The activity of this capacity is extremely dull and along these lines requires and elevated level of administration and inspiration. The pioneers face a difficult job in this capacity. They apply possibility hypothesis to a huge degree as to acting distinctively in diversely in various circumstances. Keep the workers spurred. Keep the workers guided and coshed routinely. CSO (client care activities): This capacity is liable for after assistance conveyance to the clients. They have to work according to the client issues looked on everyday premise. In telecom industry the primary help/item offered are rented lines and voice administrations. Being so unique in nature these administrations need prompt fix from suppliers side. Initiative characteristics showed in TATA comm.s CSO work are as beneath: Way objective hypothesis is utilized as giving the last objective to be accomplished regarding fixing the circuit for the client. Group the executives of the initiative lattice 9,9 style impacts by keeping the group in agreement and fixing the circuit or fixing the system laid for the client. Money: This capacity is answerable for all MIS related exercises as far as income announcing, gathering pledges, getting ready monetary record, execution revealing of different LoBs (line of business), and so forth. Qualities hypothesis assumes a significant job in this capacity. Pioneers discover the sort x and type y sort of individuals in the group s characterized by the hypothesis X and

Friday, August 21, 2020

A Peculiar Person I Met Free Essays

An impossible to miss individual I met â€Å"Humble beginnings sometimes pay†-When I was venturing out to Mumbai from Vadodara via train during the previous summer excursion alongside my folks, met one youngster who was sitting inverse to my seat. He was solid and clearly certain moreover. Subsequent to passing couple of moments he inquired as to myself and in this way began our cooperation. We will compose a custom article test on A Peculiar Person I Met or then again any comparable subject just for you Request Now He was as a matter of fact Mr. Sarath Babu, who is known as a â€Å"mealion†boy. As referenced in beginning, â€Å"Humble beginnings sometimes pay†. Be that as it may, E Sarath Babu won't purchase that. For this 28-year-old, clothes to newfound wealth are not simply one more aphorism. It’s his very establishment of achievement. From a ghetto in Chennai to the top echelons of the scholarly community with an enrolment in synthetic building at BITS Pilani and IIM-An, and now as the steward of his Food King Catering business, Sarath has made some amazing progress. His modesty maybe made him dismiss a few high-temple offers from MNCs after his MBA. That, as it were, was the beginning of Food King Cateringâ€with insignificant Rs 2,000 seed cash. I was truly dazzled by his obligingness; straightforwardness and lucidity about his route convey forward throughout everyday life. He revealed to me that today, his nourishment business traverses six areas with a Rs. 9-crore turnover and have an arrangement to build the equivalent to Rs. 20-crore by year's end. For Sarath, his mom, who once sold idlis on the asphalts of Chennai and filled in as an ayah, is a mainstay of solidarity. â€Å"Her penance eggs me on†, says Sarath. Aside from raising four youngsters, Sarath’s mother filled in as a cook for the noontime dinner conspire for a long time and got paid only a rupee every day. He was truly battled during his investigation period and just wellspring of pay was his mother’s pay. He was very much aware that he ought to do very well in his examinations and get adequate pay for him too his family. He concentrated hard and finished his building and further MBA from IIM Ahmedabad. It was the genuine case of achievement which is over coming deficient assets. I recollect that frequently we used to abuse the offices we are having and gripe about senseless things. We have great house to live, great fabrics to wear, bycicle to handle to class and educational cost and pocket cash at whatever point requested. Still not fulfilled!!. Presently I am certain that how much high the degree of battle you have throughout everyday life, your advancement likewise will be exceptionally high throughout everyday life, and a similar will make a solid establishment of your future life and guide you towards positive development. Mr. Sarat as yet recollecting that as his mother’s salary was inadequate, she mother looked for asylum in the nourishment business to enhance her pitiful pay. As she moved mixture as idlis, dosas, bhajjis and appams, it was Sarath’s occupation to sell them in the area. â€Å"For kids living in a ghetto, idlis for breakfast is something very special,† says Sarath even right up 'til the present time. A characteristic contestant to the nourishment business with obtained keenness in adolescence, Sarath has prepared his sight higher. From the current 250 individuals, he’s expecting to enlist 2,000 individuals by one year from now, â€Å"and most likely, 5,000 in the following two years†. This shows his vision, strategic arranging appropriately. In everybody’s life all ought to have a lucidity that what ought to do and where we will remain after certain period. That is first define your objective, plan in like manner and act prompt. This will unquestionably guarantee your prosperity. At first, his providing food business, with two units in Ahmedabad, was Rs 2,000-per - day in the misfortune. â€Å"But I consumed the 12 PM oil actually to get a solution,† Sarath let me know. It’s worth a notice here that Sarath burned through the greater part of his adolescence in obscurity, without power. He concentrated on volumes as opposed to straightforward servings, and began taking agreements from organizations and organizations. If you don't mind recall that in the event that you need to develop plan for an impressive future and do large. To sack a request, Sarath even dozed on the foundation of Mumbai’s railroad station. â€Å"That’s perhaps the best night I’ve ever had,† Sarath thinks back. Today, Food King is focusing on 100 customers, including 50 top organizations and 50 corporates for the snacks business †South Indian, North Indian and Chinese nourishment. Nourishment business isn't just about selling yet in addition dealing with quality and the individuals related with it, Sarath calls attention to. He currently imagines FoodKing’s Palace (nourishment shopping centers) across urban communities where a wide range of Indian nourishment would be served at â€Å"economical rates†. What's more, how can he deal with his group? â€Å"I request that they compose their fantasies on a bit of paper and instruct them to think with respect to creating themselves,† says Sarath. As referenced previously, prepare to stun the world, plan and act. You are the best adjudicator of you, no one else. Clarify technique and schoolwork before getting in to anything throughout everyday life. The will support your assurance and certainty level. I was in reality presenting for how he is exploiting reverse circumstances too. It is safe to say that he is truly stressed over expansion or value ascend in nourishment items? At the point when the greater part of the cafés have expanded their costs, Sarath sees a chance to serve at a less expensive cost. â€Å"Sourcing from one spot has a ton of effect. I will tap this opportunity,† says Sarath. Today, he drives a Chevrolet to have a good time with his mom to supervise his specialty units in Chennai. â€Å"Next, I need to assemble a house for my mother,† says Sarath. Keep in mind don’t alarm on when unfavorable circumstances occurs throughout everyday life, treat it as a chance and figure out how to change over the equivalent in to progress. I despite everything recollect this unconventional individual I met during my excursion which has truly improved my manner of thinking and given me an obvious clearness how to think, plan and follow up on the things we need to do throughout everyday life. The most effective method to refer to A Peculiar Person I Met, Papers

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Basic Facts of Samples of How to Start a College Essay

The Basic Facts of Samples of How to Start a College Essay Hearsay, Lies and Samples of How to Start a College Essay Essays are your very best friend. The essay provides you with a chance to reveal how effectively you may read and comprehend a passage and compose an essay analyzing the passage. Your essay is a special reflection of who you are as an individual. If you are in need of a well-crafted essay, then you can count on us to deliver. The reader would like to learn more. The large part of the essay utilizes standard English and English grammar. While every section of an essay is critical, it's important to note it is in the introduction where readers get to choose whether they ought to be reading the remainder of your composition or not. The secret to writing a terrific profile essay is to select a personal profile essay example of an entertaining subject. College essays want to start strong. They work the same way. Before you commence writing your college essay, you may choose to see the essay examplesA that we've listed for you, so that you can have more idea on what things to put in the college essay you will create. As you write your very own supplemental essays, make sure to prevent common supplemental essay mistakes. Reread your essay like you don't have any idea precisely what the writer is referring to. Although you should be creative whilst writing your essay, resist the need to acquire creative with the facts. Also, in case you have an essay which you are pleased with and would love to share with others, don't hesitate to speak to us with it and well publish it with your attribution. Evidently, writing an essay on this issue of marijuana is too general. If you would like to create a college essay which works, you want to provide importance on the content which you will offer the admissions officer of your intended university with. Most individuals take drugs voluntarily without a notion of what it is that they do to your brain and total physical wellbeing. Listed below are tips that could help you begin your essay that will in the future gain you admission. If you have trouble finding a topic, we've got a guide on brainstorming college essay ideas. Writing an essay that explains what goals you wish to pursue in your upcoming career is a skill you are going to have to demonstrate a lot for a student. Professor Mitchell obtained a grant to have a category of students to Belgium as a way to study the EU. Admissions officers don't expect you to be perfect, and therefore don't make your essay unbelievable by attempting to pretend that you're. For instance, you might want to incorporate a heading with the name and address of the individual who will be receiving your letter. Long-term use of such drugs can decrease the mental capabilities of someone. Using the exclamation mark provides the sentence that Eureka moment. Apart from the things you should always bear in mind, in addition, there are some items which you shouldn't do when creating the content of your college essay. Writing an introduction is essential for the success of your essay, so making an extra hard work and spending more time is well worth it. Persuasive essays are among the most frequently encountered kind of assigned works whether before, during, or following your college life. Therefore, the quick answer essay doesn't highlight any sort of remarkable accomplishment or private talent.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Gilgamesh Was a Real Historical Figure - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 10 Words: 2955 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/07/29 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Gilgamesh Essay Did you like this example? Scholars have undertaken research to ascertain the argument of whether or not the legend of Gilgamesh is real. The question has become intriguing with some scholars making comparisons between the King that Gilgamesh was and the epic accounts that have been discovered about the legend. The work of Haubold, (2014) notes that most scholars agree that the legendary accounts developed surrounding Gilgamesh have been largely fictionalized. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Gilgamesh Was a Real Historical Figure" essay for you Create order However, historians are in a position to justify that Gilgamesh existed as a king in his time. Gilgamesh is a significant literary character in most literature works whose origin is Mesopotamia. Works of poetry mention a rival king in the Sumerian Gilgamesh and the work is documented to have been created in the late third millennium BCE. Most of the poetry works dated in the late third millennium BCE have been verified by archeology. However, the history, myths and legend that surround Gilgamesh as a king and his contribution to his society raises enquiries on whether or not he is a real historical figure. Most scholars have explored the composition and meaning of the epic of Gilgamesh. According to Foster, (2014), most scholars who have encountered sources on the life and legend of Gilgamesh, use different approaches. Further, the essay will give a summary of the eleven tablets and provide a justification to support the thesis of the paper. The paper will argue that Gilgamesh was a real historical figure and provide sufficient evidence to support the argument. Gilgamesh was a legendary hero who was considered as such during the time he lived in 2700 BC. He was the fifth ruler of Uruk dynasties in Sumerian city which is the modern-day Iraq (Villiers, 2005). Lugalbanda, his father was king of Uruk while his mother Ninsun ruled as an intelligent cow goddess. In the King list of the Sumerians, he records an era of 126 years. Gilgamesh had a son, Urlugal whom together they rebuilt Ninlil a goddess sanctuary in Tummal, in the sacred city of Nippur (Villiers, 2005). He is the significant character revolving around Epic Gilgamesh which a substantial existing works in the early literature of Mesopotamia. According to Jones, (2011), in the Mesopotamian mythologies, he is recognized as a demigod with extraordinary strength that built Uruk city walls to defend the Sumerians from threats and external conflicts. Gilgamesh emphasis as a historical figure is further justified as he fought against Sargon of Akkadian’s military in a conflict that lasted for ages destroying the walls of Uruk (Jones, 2011). The Sumerians recognize him for travelling to meet Utnapishtim the sage that overcame the Great Deluge. Interestingly Gilgamesh is described as a one third of a human being and two thirds of a god (Villiers, 2005). The presence and significance of Gilgamesh as a historically significant figure is evident in the multiple historical accounts that make a direct or implied refence to the king or his reign. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh is illustrated as a young, athletic, handsome king of the Uruk city. In Mesopotamia, the tales of Gilgamesh are exploited in narratives in five poems existing among the Sumerians (Jarman, 2014). Most Sumerian texts have identified Gilgamesh by the name Bilgrames. Some of the epic fragments found in Tell Haddad demonstrate Gilgamesh burial. Uruk people diverted river Euphrates with the objective to bury the king under the river bed (Villiers, 2005). The evidence of existence of Gilgamesh was recorded on twelve clay tablets in cuneiform that are dated between 1000 and 1300B.C. (Foster, 2014). The Epic of Gilgamesh describes the adventures of Enkidu and Gilgamesh who is reported to have killed and conquered Humbaba, the monster set over by the gods in Forest of Cedar. Gilgamesh is recognized as a historical king among the people of Uruk and an epic hero who is featured in archeological inscriptions and contemporary letters (Haubold, 2014). The Epic of Gilgamesh illustrates numerous themes that are significant in understanding the culture of Mesopotamia and the heredity of kings (Caputo, 2016). The role of the king, immortality, civilization, enmity and the relation between gods and human are themes that have been exemplified in the Mesopotamian mythology (Ilnitzki, n.d.). In the poems Gilgamesh faced various challenges that have shaped the culture of Mesopotamia. The manifestation of numerous events provides proof of the existence of kings and gods in the past that defined human civilization (Gadotti, 2005). The success of Gilgamesh has led him to be featured in narratives that have developed to myths and legends that are similar to historical heroes such as Charlemagne, Arthur and Sigurd in Western Civilization (Putra, 2013). Moreover, Gilgamesh attracted accomplishments and names of various kings that existed during the period. The Epic of Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh since reconstruction and rediscovery has created controversy among historians. The narrative is contrary to the Bible exemplifying 4,000 years in the society of Mesopotamia (Heidel, n.d.) The tale manifests religious and cultural heritage of the people of Mesopotamia in world literature. Throughout the religion and culture of Mesopotamia, that is reflected in the contemporary society. The existence of council of elders and firm male leader as well as the aspect of gender division in culture and religions is essential in contemporary societies (Haubold, 2014). Mesopotamia was religiously a polytheist society that is linked to natural phenomenon and the existence of gods is personified heavily (Ilnitzki, n.d.). In his life Gilgamesh encounters gods, creatures and kings who are vital enhancing human feelings, friendships, fear of death and relationships (Villiers, 2005). The people of Uruk believe and pray to the god of Anu to liberate them from the harsh rule of Gilgamesh. The gesture demonstrates the existence of religion among the people of Mesopotamia (Haubold, 2014). According to Jarman, (2014), in the events of Gilgamesh, death has been portrayed as a symbol relative to the epic and culture. The culture of Mesopotamia death exemplifies strange images of a dangerous and dark underworld where deceased souls are trapped underground (Heidel, n.d.). In Epic, death occurs as Enkidu and Gilgamesh are killing the Bull of Heaven and when Gilgamesh kills Humbaba. In the culture of Mesopotamia, the people of Uruk find peace in death (Caputo, 2016). Similarly, in contemporary religious beliefs, people find peace through transition of death. Although historians pay more attention on Hammurabi and his code of law, other civilizations account like that of the Tigris -Euphrates and other first civilizations explain their existence by focusing on Gilgamesh and other prominent legends (Villiers, 2005). From the multiple accounts documented on Gilgamesh as a Legend, are characterized by mythical accounts and were written about 2000 B.C (Foster, 2014). The writings were on clay tablets and in Sumerian language. History shows that Sumerian language does not reflect any similarities to any other known language. The writings were in cuneiform whose translation means ‘wedge-shaped’. The twelve tablets that have been retrieved and translated by historians contain a chronological account originally written in Akkadian language (Jones, 2011).   In most of the accounts presented by the tablets, Gilgamesh is accorded a heroic nature and a superhuman presentation. Gilgamesh is presented as two-thirds god and one-third human. He is said to be the greatest king on earth. However, Gilgamesh is described as a young ruthless king who oppresses his people. The people are helpless and call to Anu, the sky-god to rescue them (Ilnitzki, n.d.). As a response to their prayers, Anu created and sent a wild man Enkidu from the wild forests of Gilgamesh’s land. Enkidu is created with wild powers and exceptional abilities and his purpose is to salvage the subhuman citizens who have been oppressed by the superhuman Gilgamesh (Jarman, 2014). The news spread rapidly from the first time that a trapper’s son encounters Enkidu running with the wild animals. Upon his father’s advice, the son takes Shamhat, a temple harlot to Enkidu as a test to see if the wild man would succumb to sexual desires. Even though he succumbs and loses his strength and wildness, he gains understanding and knowledge. Shamhat offers to take Enkidu to the city and show him Gilgamesh, whom she argues is the only one deserving Enkidu’s friendship (Foster, 2014). At the same time, Gilgamesh dreams twice with the first dream showing meteorite fall on earth. Gilgamesh is unable to overpower its might and his people celebrate around it. Although Gilgamesh is open to embrace it as though it were his wife, his mother forces a coemption between the meteorite and Gilgamesh (Ilnitzki, n.d.). The second dream portrays an axe on Gilgamesh’s door and still he is unable to turn or lift it. Again, people gather and celebrate it and Gilgamesh is willing to embrace it. However, his mother forces Gilgamesh to compete with the axe. Gilgamesh seeks explanation about the dreams from his mother who informs him that a great man would come into Uruk (Jones, 2011). Gilgamesh will collaborate with the mighty man and accomplish great deeds. Enkidu is introduced to civilization by receiving education and apprenticeship on tending flocks, civilized eating, wearing clothes and speaking properly. Enkidu’s formal introduction into Uruk happens on a day of great celebration (Villiers, 2005). The encounter between Gilgamesh and Enkidu happens when Gilgamesh is about to claim his self-declared right to have sexual intercourse with a new bride on her wedding night. Enkidu is infuriated by the abuse and prompts the two into a furious fight. Gilgamesh gets the upper hand as the fight resolves and the two embraces a sign of their devoted friendship. The two friends become weak with time and grow lazy living in the city. Gilgamesh proposes that for their friendship, they should take an adventure and journey through great Cedar Forest and cut all cedar trees (Ilnitzki, n.d.). However, they would have to kill the guardian of the forest first who is believed to be a Humbaba the Terrible. Enkidu is aware of the powers of Humbaba and tries to convince his friend not to undertake the adventure. It is important to note that most contents on tablets were not in existence. The salvaged information reports that the elders of the city undertook a protest against Gilgamesh’s but eventually agree (Haubold, 2014). The elders assigned Enkidu the responsibility to protect the king and required that the Enkidu takes the forward position in the battle. The king’s mother laments her sons’ fate asking the sun-god Shamash why he gave Gilgamesh a restless heart (Gadotti, 2005). The sun-god promises to watch over the king’s life. After being commanded by the queen mother to protect her son, Enkidu panics and tries to convince Gilgamesh to quit the adventure without success. The tablets explain the tale of the voyage to the cider forest. In the six-day voyage, Gilgamesh prayed to Shamash who sends oracular dreams to Gilgamesh in the night to respond to his prayers.   In another dream, Gilgamesh wrestles a bull that breaks the earth (Gadotti, 2005).   The dreams are ominous creating fear to Gilgamesh. The interpretation of the dream by Enkidu reveals Shamash protection. The revelation of Enkidu on his dreams illustrates success to his coming battles. The tablet exemplifies the unity between Enkidu and Gilgamesh to fight the demon of Humbaba. As Gilgamesh enters Cedar Forest, he shakes with fear praying and reminding Shamash of the promise of safety he had on Ninsun (Jarman, 2014). Shamash directs Gilgamesh to kill Humbaba when he is not wearing his armor of seven coats. The tablet provides an account of the two friends entering the magnificent Cedar Forest. Gilgamesh and Enkidu begin to cut the trees and Humbaba, the guardian, hears the sound and comes running with a roar to warn them off (Haubold, 2014). Enkidu tries to defend the king and warned Humbaba that the two are stronger that a mere demon. Overlooking Enkidu, Humbaba taunts the King for taking orders from nobody. Humbaba begins a fight with the two when he turns his face into a hideous form. Although Gilgamesh is too frightened and goes into hiding, Enkidu inspires courage and the two friends fight against Humbaba (Jarman, 2014). The sun-god intervenes in favor of Gilgamesh and Enkidu who acquire victory against Humbaba. Humbaba begs for his life as Gilgamesh holds a sword to his head. However, Enkidu convinces him that he would gain renowned fame across time and lands if he kills Humbaba. Gilgamesh succumbs to the yearning of such power and cuts Humbaba’s head (Ilnitzki, n.d.). Un fortunately, before dies, Humbaba curses Enkidu to never find peace and not live longer. Nevertheless, the two friends accomplish their adventure, cut down cedar trees even the tallest cedar tree and make a magnificent gate for the city Sumerian Poems of Gilgamesh In ancient writings from Mesopotamia, the name of Gilgamesh appears in different forms like Bilgames. Through history, five Sumerian poems have been copied about Bilgames on the varying degree of popularity in Babylonian schools with greater improvements on particular translations. The texts were collected to facilitate the epic Babylonian standard with other materials illustrated by Akkadian (Caputo, 2016). In the Babylonian epic, Gilgamesh Sumerian poems play the role of reconstruction and recovery from pieces of clay tablets preserved in museums in various countries. With increased text discovery, it is possible to observe and compare between Babylonian epic and Sumerian poems (Caputo, 2016). It enables people to appreciate the skills portrayed by Old Babylonian poets who expressed traditional stories and themes as primary materials in literature (Gadotti, 2005). However, it is difficult to determine if the knowledge used was derived from individual experience or written existing traditions in scribal schools or even knowledge from oral Sumerian traditions presented in Akkadian. According to Jones, (2011), the evident borrowing is present in adaptation of the story of Sumerians’ Huwawa and Bilgames that furnish elaborate narrative Expedition in Tablets III- V in the Babylonian epic. The simple efforts demonstrated by the Bull of Heaven and tale of Sumerian Bilgame’s achi eve episodes of Tablet VI Bull of Heaven and Ishtar (Caputo, 2016). Recent discoveries have been revealed in the Akkadian tale in Tablet VIII of Enkidu’s funeral which is closely related to Bilgame’s funeral and the traditional customs where Gilgamesh acquired the knowledge of Flood Heroes that restore cultic life practices of the land (Jones, 2011). The historical origin of the Sumerian poems is briefly covered. Ideally, the language of the Sumerians is used figuratively in expressing Akkadian that makes an abrupt opaque passage (Jones, 2011). The existing translations are aimed at presenting an original version to produce clear texts that have limited liberties on occasional phrasing. The five poems have survived numerous recessions with relative periodical intervals. In some cases, the texts can be repetitive as tablets have shared passages or abbreviated versions. The adopted policies provide a translation producing texts in the simplest form. Gilgamesh reigned between 2500 B.C with most historians agreeing that he ruled for about 126 years in Sumerian king List. Legendary accounts that surround his existence present Gilgamesh as a son of goddess Ninsum born to the king who reigned before him. Gilgamesh is a significant historical figure and this position is justifiable through multiple arguments. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the king is the center character. The epic provides a chronological account of Gilgamesh. Having been written originally on stone tablets provides a confirmation that the Epic of Gilgamesh is an account of a king who had existed. A historical figure is justified to have multiple accounts written in his name or about him. In his own right, Gilgamesh is a historical figure. Being studied alongside other figure of importance in history, Gilgamesh represents a concept of true devotion of a leader and his commitment to expansion of his territory. Through such ambitions, Gilgamesh triggered wars and his quest to conquer new territories present a historically significant aspect. The other aspect of significant is that account that has been discovered containing documented information about Gilgamesh. However, the accounts provide more information about Sumerian kingdom, its people and development. For instance, in one of the tablets is an account about when Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu set off to an adventure into the Cider Forest to cut cider trees. The information in the tablet informs of the society’s religious beliefs, political order and economic status. Through studying information about Gilgamesh, scholars are able to acquire information that helps them patch-up other semi-reconstructed works of history. As such, Gilgamesh is a relevant historical figure in the contemporary society. Gilgamesh might fail to meet the requirements for a hero according to the contemporary standards but it is with no doubt he is a sign of historical significance for the society. References Caputo, D. (2016). From Sumerian tales to Babylonian epic: an interdisciplinary student guide to Gilgamesh. The International Journal of Literary Humanities, 14(4), 39-54. doi: 10.18848/2327-7912/cgp/v14i04/39-54 Foster, B. (2014). A new edition of the epic of Gilgamesh | Review by: Benjamin R. Foster | download. Retrieved from Gadotti, A. (2005). A. R. George: The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic: Introduction, Critical Edition And Cuneiform Texts. 2 vols. xxxv, 741 pp., iii, 743–986 pp., 147 plates. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.  £175. Bulletin of The School of Oriental and African Studies, 68(01). doi: 10.1017/s0041977x05260056 Haubold, J. (2014). Gilgamesh among Us: modern encounters with the ancient epic by theodore ziolkowski. American Journal of Philology, 135(4), 669-672. doi: 10.1353/ajp.2014.0045 Heidel, A. The Gilgamesh epic and old testament parallels [Ebook]. London: The University of Chicago Press. Ilnitzki, M. Gilgamesh and the Quest for Immortality [Ebook] (pp. 5-9). Jarman, M. (2014). When the light came on: the epic gilgamesh. Retrieved from Jones, S. (2011). Review of the buried foundation of the gilgamesh epic: the akkadian huwawa narrative. Journal Of Hebrew Scriptures, 11. doi: 10.5508/jhs. 2011.v11.r21 Putra, J. (2013). Gilgamesh among us: modern encounters with the ancient epic. English, 62(237), 218-220. doi: 10.1093/english/eft012 Villiers, G. (2005). Understanding gilgamesh: his world and his story (Masters). University of Pretoria.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Underage Smoking And The United States Essay - 1518 Words

Underage Smoking in the U.S. Shockingly, there are 3.5 million middle and high school students smoking cigarettes in the U.S. (Leatherdale Vu, 2011). As we all know, smoking is a horrible habit which affects many of the body’s systems such as the circulatory and immune systems. Underage smoking is an even more serious problem as it affects teenagers’ health and influences more young people to smoke, stopping it is possible with a good tracking system (Qi, 2015). The most obvious problem of underage smoking is definitely that it can affect the health of smokers and other people around them. According to the American Lung Association, â€Å"smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S.† (Health Effect, 2015). It causes over 438,000 deaths per year. Secondhand smoke is a serious health hazard for people of all ages, causing almost one tenth of the smoking death each year (Leatherdale et al, 2011). Although underage smoking might not cause an immedia te and obvious health problem, in the future, it will hurt the smokers as well as the people around them (Qi, 2015). Underage smoking is a serious problem as because most smokers start smoking before age eighteen (Leatherdale et al, 2011). As nicotine, the element in cigarette is addictive, once one starts to smoke it is hard for him or her to give it up. Additionally, most teenagers believe they will give up smoking once they are tired of it; unfortunately, most of them become lifelong smokers. If we could stopShow MoreRelatedDrinking Age Annotated Bibliography Essay969 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Anthony Martino English Comp Annotated Bibliography Change the Age to Save the Lives The legal drinking age in the United States is the only age that is above 19 years of age. Everywhere else in the world the age is 19 and under and some countries don’t even have a drinking age. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

U2 free essay sample

Looking back through my tall stack of U2 CDs, I stumbled across the turning point of U2s musical career. In the CDs Boy and October, U2 had made strong political statements and produced unique music unparalleled today. That all seemed to end after the production of War. War was U2 in its prime. It is unique, strong, and roars with the lively creative genius the Irish band used to possess. Songs like Sunday Bloody Sunday and New Years Day scream their strong messages into the ears of their listeners. Have you heard any message in Mysterious Ways? I doubt it. Its a pop song, a dance tune, a soon-to-be forgotten lyrical mess with a hip-hop beat. Its a shame. n U2 free essay sample This summer I went to see U2 at Foxboro Stadium. It was the most exciting concert I have ever been to. The Zoo TV Tour was intense. Television screens at least 50 feet tall gave everyone the image of being in the front row and huge speakers blasted your ears with the sweet songs they played all night. When they played songs like One and Even Better than the Real Thing, pictures on the screens followed the themes of the songs. During One there was a picture of a flower and underneath was the word one in different languages flashing from one language to another. They played for about two hours. Each minute was unbelievable. U2 puts so much emotion and hard work into their concerts. My favorite part was when Larry Mullen Jr. (drummer) sang an Irish drinking song and dedicated it to Larry Bird. He pointed to a banner with the number 33 in the rafters, which he had put up. We will write a custom essay sample on U2 or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I think that I will never forget this concert for the rest of my life. n